What is NSG?
If you’re not living under a rock, then the word NSG will sound vaguely familiar. NSG is an acronym for Nuclear Suppliers Group which boasts a membership of 48 nations including The United States of America, United Kingdom, France and China. It was formed in response to India’s testing of a nuclear weapon and to control the supply of materials and technology needed to build weapons of mass destruction.
Why is everybody talking about it?
Being a member of the NSG comes with a pre-condition of being a signatory to the nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which India refuses to sign. China cites this as the reason for vetoing India’s application into the bin. Although India is not a member of the elite group, it has a waiver that enables consumer nuclear trade with a non NPT country. Prime Minister Modi vigorously campaigned to secure a vote in favour of India’s acceptance by visiting Switzerland, Mexico and the United States. It turned out all was not in vain. India failed to secure a place in the group but the Chinese, who were unwilling to even include India’s application in the agenda of the meeting, agreed to review the application.
Just a few days later, news trickled in about India being accepted into the 34 nations’ group called Missile Technology Control Regime or MTCR, after being denied in 2015. This is an important development as it will help India tap into new missile technology and trade with other countries. And the good news? China is not a member of the MTCR.
Now, we must all remember that these groups were created to reduce the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ultimately discard all of them; but maybe, all they have been able to achieve is concentrating nuclear power and technology to a handful of nations.4